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Mumbai Vs Bombay!
As you must have guessed what this article would be about,I am writing this article so as to present an even sided perspective between the two school of thoughts solely from the point of view of what is required for a Bschool Gd. Though such topics would find hard to come in a Bschool Gd reason being it is emotionally & regionally attached to people but what would matter is such a GD is to maintain your coolness and presentation, to remain assertive and respect everyone's opinion.
General Facts About Mumbai                                              
                                               Mumbai has a population of 14 million people,Mumbai is the commercial and
                                               entertainment centre of India, generating 5% of India's GDP and accounting
                                               for 25% of industrial output, 40% of maritime trade, and 70% of capital
                                               transactions to India's economy. Mumbai is home to important financial
                                               institutions such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock
                                               Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India along with many corporate
                                               head quarters of top Indian Companies.Mumbai also boasts of much
                                               popular Bollyword, the hindi movie industry which attract large number of
                                               immigrants from all  over India. Mumbai lies in the Konkan coast at the
                                               mouth of Ulhas river. The city gets its power supply from Bhatsa Dam and
                                               depends on six(Vihar, Vaitarna, Upper Vaitarna, Tulsi, Tansa and Powai.) lakes surrounding it for water needs.Mumbai has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Elephanta Caves.Popular places in the city are Nariman Point, Girgaum Chowpatti, Juhu Beach, and Marine Drive.
Mumbai is India's largest city, and is called the financial capital of the country.It serves as an important economic hub of the India, contributing 10% of all factory employment, 40% of all income tax collections, 60% of all customs duty collections, 20% of all central excise tax collections, 40% of India's foreign trade and Rs. 40 billion (US$ 800 million) in corporate taxes. Mumbai's per-capita income is Rs. 48,954 (US$ 980) which is almost three times the national average. ...Read more on Official Website.
Mumbai(Bombay) : The History
Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese  traveler, was the first person to explore
the sea-route to Bombay. The discovery led to repeated attacks by the
Portuguese, who eventually captured the islands in 1534.
1534  - Bombay islands were captured by the Portuguese.
1661 - The islands were gifted in the dowry to Charles II of England.
1668 - Charles II gave the islands to the East Indian Company on lease.
1708 - Bombay became the H.Q. of the East India Company.
1862 - The islands were merged to shape one stretch.
1869 - Suez Canal was opened and Bombay developed as an international port.
1947 - Bombay was declared the capital of Bombay state.
1960 - Bombay was made the capital of Maharashtra.
1995 - The name was changed to Mumbai after the goddess 'Mumbadevi'.

The Controversy:
Mumbai Vs Bombay
The controversy Mumbai vs Bombay is based on the fact that Mumbai has now become a symbol for Maharashta belongs to Maharashtrians rest are outsiders.

AGAINST:
First of all
Bombay is not an ancient city(Unlike:Delhi),the name was kept by the Portugese(meaning beautiful bay or City) before that, it was not Bombay nor Mumbai.
Nor can we say that Bombay is a Maharashtrian  city
because till 1960 there was no Maharashta, the state was Bombay which included some parts of Gujrat(Saurashtra) and Maharashtra. The city was more inclined towards Gujrati's as it was the major population still the Gujrati does not claim city as theirs unlike the the maharastrians who infact were intially were not interested in including Bombay. So their claim that everyone is an outsider is baseless.
The name Mumbai, as claimed that it represents Marathi pride is sought to be substantiated that one of the fishing villages that preceded the creation of Bombay was named after a goddess called Mumba Devi, this itself is historically dodgy claim also people don't live in some fishing village now, its one of the world's greatest cities....Read more.
The name
Mumbai itself looks like corruption or degradation of the word Bombay or Bambai. Mumbai is not a marathi word because before this name was kept Gujrati's  also spoke of Bombay as Mumbai as a vernacularised version of the name, just as they call Ahemdabad as Ahemdavaad.
After intial success of converting Mumbai the name there were demands of changing popular companies as Bombay Dying as Mumbai Dying and BSE as MSE etc..This is because they want to show that this belongs to Maharashta and not anyone else(Not rest of India).This issue is highly political as there have been cases as when Calcutta was named as Kolkata but no one as Calcutta club to change its name neither Bangaluru forced anyone .On the international scene in 1970's  when Ceylon became Sri Lanka there were no repercussions on brand Ceylon tea nor when Persia was changed to Iran their was any claim on Persian art as Iranian Art.
This act affected the intergrity of India. And after this there was a movement launched my MNS to remove all the North Indian's from Maharashta. This is Pure Politics and Pure Regionalism!
Lets see why?
FOR:
The for is a thought of a common Maharashtrian face the problem of migration on a day today basis.Comments from Shiv Sena "It is an irony that the Marathi 'manoos' to whom Mumbai belongs, finds it hard to even enter the local train thanks to the North Indian commuters, who stand in the door blocking passage into the compartment. But broad-minded Maharashtrians tolerate all this,". The Government had made a promise of making Mumbai into Shanghai and speculations suggests that government is probable trying to hide its unability to perform...Read more on Mumbai-Shanghai Comparison.
Indeed Mumbai has this great problem where people come for work in great numbers as was revealed by the report from TISS in 2008.According to data analysed, inter-state migration from Uttar Pradesh has sharply increased, while a declining trend in migration has been evident from other parts of Maharashtra and neighbouring states like Gujarat and Goa. The studies also found that more migrants were arriving from rural rather than urban centres in the north, suggesting the possibility of a different stratum of migrant. Due to this migration the per capita income keeps on falling despite a lot of people moving above the poverty line each year. Mumbai is a host to some 20,000 families living on railway tracks and the biggest slums in the world.
But above all there are examples of cities like NewYork who have developed despite migration from rural areas.Definately the Against outweigh the for's.

The issue is more of political , rather than social ,a right approach and a stronger will to implement policies as defined by it is necessary.


































































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